ST population, literacy rate increase in Meghalaya

SHILLONG: The latest Census report has revealed that the number of people belonging to the scheduled tribe (ST) category and the literacy rate of Meghalaya has increased significantly since 2001.

The predominantly tribal state recorded a growth of 28.3 per cent in the ST population in 2011 since the last Census in 2001.

As per the primary Census data 2011, Ri-Bhoi district recorded the highest decadal rise in the ST population with 37.1 per cent, while West Garo Hills recorded the lowest decadal change with 22.6 per cent. The rise of the same in other districts of the state were 25.2 per cent in East Garo Hills, 27.5 per cent in South Garo Hills, 29.3 per cent in West Khasi Hills, 29.1 per cent in East Khasi Hills and 31 per cent in Jaintia Hills.

Meanwhile, East Khasi Hills recorded the highest rate of literacy in 2011, while it is lowest in the Jaintia Hills. Ri Bhoi district recorded lowest (85.4 per cent) literacy rate among the urban populace.

This was informed by Census operations' assistant director B Das Gupta, who showed a presentation on economic activities and work participation data of census on data dissemination of population enumeration Census 2011 for Meghalaya.

"Meghalaya has recorded 17,85,005 literates in 2011 with South Garo Hills having the least number of literates," Gupta said. He added that the primary Census data of 2011 has shown that the number of agricultural labourers has dwindled from 17.7 per cent in 2001 to 16.7 per cent in 2011.